WHAT IS IT?
It is an STD caused by the Treponema Pallidum bacteria that is transmitted mainly by oral, vaginal and rectal sex, with the probability of being infected up to 40% and its symptoms may appear up to three weeks after the initial contact.
They will vary according to the stage in which the disease is found, and can be classified as:
It is characterized by being located at the site of inoculation (mouth, penis, vagina or anus) in the form of an ulcer called chancre. One of the most important characteristics of this ulcer is that it is usually painless even to the touch, although this is not always good news, the appearance of a chancre in the vagina, throat or anus, will make it difficult for you to identify it. This will help us differentiate it from a wound caused by trauma during the act or even from a simple herpes.
This stage begins after the chancre disappears until 6 months later. It is characterized by the appearance of various spots, mainly on palms of the hands or feet, which are usually pinkish, and like primary syphilis usually does not cause itching or pain.
In many cases we diagnose cases of Syphilis without symptoms, and it is because it is in that moment in which the chancre has disappeared without the patient having been conscious and has not yet moved on to the next phase.
HOW IS IT TRANSMITTED?
Syphilis can be transmitted in the following ways:
- Through direct contact with someone who has a skin wound that is caused by syphilis.
- Through direct contact with contaminated blood.
- Sharing needles for the use of injected drugs.
- From mother to child through the placenta at any stage of pregnancy and also through normal delivery if the baby comes into contact with the wound of syphilis.
Like many of the sexually transmitted diseases, it is bacterial, that is, it has treatment and its efficacy index is very high. Depending on the stage you are in, we must apply a single dose or even three to eradicate the bacteria from your body.
The lesions after applying the treatment should begin to disappear almost immediately, but even so, it is very important to follow up to verify that it has been eradicated completely, and ensure that your sexual contacts are not infected.