For years, the youngest seem to have forgotten that sexually transmitted diseases and infections exist, have always existed, and year after year they only increase cases of infections of this type. And even then, the use of condoms increases. That is why we must give the alarm, because a disease or infection today can compromise the fertility of young people tomorrow.
According to the latest study by the World Health Organization (WHO), 376 million people worldwide are diagnosed a year of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), a figure that is triggered in summer due to the increase in sexual relations with sporadic couples . The most common is trichomoniasis, with 156 million new infections annually, the second most frequent is chlamydia, with 127 million cases a year, followed by gonorrhea (87 million) and syphilis (6.3 million).
The most common are chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and trichomoniasis and, although they can be treated with antibiotics, from the WHO they say that drug resistance is a growing threat, especially in the case of gonorrhea, where it is already They have seen cases where this bacterium has created resistance to the vast majority of antibiotics in the market. There are also other more serious diseases caused by viruses such as genital herpes, hepatitis B or HIV that cannot be treated with antibiotics.
But there is more, and these sex infections can lead to health problems such as infertility, neurological and cardiovascular disorders, and many of them facilitate the spread of other diseases, such as HIV. Herpes can end up developing a meningoencifalitis, which is a rare and serious complication but exists. Syphilis can end up ” affecting the central nervous system and produce meningitis symptoms or pictures similar to stroke, eye involvement, deafness …
“Chlamydia is the most common bacterial disease in women under 25 years of age and, although sometimes it may have no symptoms, it is one of the main causes of infertility in women,” says Dr. Victoria Verdú, gynecology coordinator of the clinic of assisted reproduction Ginefiv. And, often, these diseases do not show specific symptoms, so it is very important to prevent and undergo routine check-ups, so that they can be detected in time.
In men, these infections cause problems in the seminal pathways and in the testicles, and affect their ability to cause healthy sperm. “Consequently, this damages the amount of sperm produced by man, mobility, morphology and even the integrity of their DNA,” says the doctor.